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Ghana is largely on track in achieving MDG 1, 2, &3. Trends in economic growth suggest a further decline in poverty between 2006 and 2008. The number of schools and enrollment rates have increased tremendously over the years due to various reforms and new policy measures instituted by the government. Although there has been significant reduction in both infant and under-five mortality rates in Ghana, it is unlikely that the 2015 target of reducing the child mortality rates will be met unless coverage of effective child survival interventions is increased.
After a decline from a high of 3.2% in 2006 to low of 2.2% in 2008, evidence from the 2009 Sentinel surveillance report suggest an increase in HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in Ghana to 2.9% in 2009. Calling for swift policy action particularly in the area of educational campaign and other HIV/AIDS programs to promote significant behavioral change.
On MDG 7 of ensuring environmental sustainability, Ghana is on track of achieving the target on cutting the number of Ghanaians without access to safe water, however critical challenges exist in achieving the targets of reversing the loss of environmental resources, reducing the proportion of people without access to improved sanitation, and achieving significant improvement in the lives of people living in slum areas. Further progress is needed in achieving MDG 8, but aid inflows to Ghana appear to have increased in nominal terms from US$578.96 million in 2001 to US$1,433.23 million in 2008.
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