Both of the videos that provide an introduction of PAR methodology focus on the big questions and what needs to be done to solve those problems. Action research focuses on both immediate problem situations and on to further the goals of social science. E. Alana James said Participatory Action Research explains that there are four steps to PAR. Par is a group of people who work together to achieve a goal or goals through the four steps. The first step is to diagnose a situation, during which time you employ all the learning tools possible and discuss the problem with others. The second step is to act to improve the situation both individually and as a group. Focus on the now rather than what the future could be. The third step is to measure and evaluate the PAR's effectiveness. The fourth and final step is to reflect on what has been learn and plan out the next steps because PAR work progresses in cycles.
The topic of immigration is a very difficult with many sides to the problem the solution cannot be a simple answer either, but the U.S. is built on immigration. Everyone that lives here can trace their roots back to somewhere else and our ancestors came to the U.S. for a better life. America attracts more and more immigrates because this the land of opportunity and gives hope for a better life. Although this is a very complicated problem I do think there can be attempts to solve it. First step would be to diagnose the problem. Working together with not only immigrates wanting to gain assess to our nation but also the stakeholders who are effected by the increasing number of immigrants would allow you to identify the base of the problem. Then using the knowledge and connections between both groups we can start an open dialog on how to solve the problem and then act on those ideas. Seeing as this issues has so many sides and angles that it would need to be faced the researchers themselves would need to be ale to take on many roles and incorporate many types of research-changing when the need presents itself. After deciding on first steps we would implement them and then reflect and move forward to implementing future steps. A good starting point would be to focus on the immigrants themselves and the countries they are coming from and create better ways for new immigrants to blend into the nation's values. Illegal immigration is a completely different beast that is much more complicated than mere immigration. Immigration itself can be improved by improving not only the mind set of the current U.S. citizens to be more open but also by better preparing immigrates themselves to be contributing members of society once they arrive.
Catalini, C. (2010). Introduction to Participatory Research [Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=o3xsttz8F8o
James, E. A. (2008). Participatory action research + complexity [Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=s-SAJPF5xiA.html.
O'Brien, R. (1998). An Overview of the Methodological Approach of Action Research.Retrieved from http://www.web.net/~robrien/papers/arfinal.html.