Leah Nunez: Participatory Action Research
Tim Kane Ph.D. and Kirk A. Johnson Ph.D. of Heritage.org, "a research and educational education, think tank" (Kane), reported that "10million undocumented (immigrants) currently reside in the U.S. and that population is growing by 700,000 per year" (Kane). These stats are from 2006; however immigrants have sought to settle in America since the 1800's, "typical (immigrants) come to America primarily for better jobs and in the process add value to the U.S. economy" (Kane). Unfortunately, illegal immigrant status creates a slew of challenges, one major symptom of undocumented status it the lack of a social security number, without a social security number one cannot obtain a valid driver's license, a legitimate job or even housing. "Three out of every 100 immigrants" (Kane), resort to either creating fake documents or using the social security numbers of American citizens. This is a security issue because fraudulent documents can be untraceable stimulating criminal activities, and obstructs federal and state tax payment; meanwhile identity theft wreaks havoc on millions of Americans a year and is one of the most unresolved crimes in America.
Using Gerald Susman's Simple Actions Research Model, the issue of immigration can be resolved. Susman's model uses five phases, diagnosing, action planning, taking action, evaluating, specifying learning. (Obrien). Participating Action Research, or PAR will be beneficial for the challenge of immigration because much of the solutions has been based on ideological viewpoints, it is time to become involved to learn how to solve this problem and investigate the true solution to the rising immigrating problems E.Alana James video, "Participating action research + complexity", analyzes the PAR phases intensely. The next section will evaluate the different phases according to E.Alana James.
Step 1: Diagnosing: Researching and evaluating factors that contribute to the immigrant issue and evaluating the past solutions will help to recognize future solutions. The issue of immigration has been a longstanding problem. The last idea to resolve the issue was a quick fix solution of complete amnesty in the 1980's. Although, this resolves the problem of fraudulent identity use, it does not resolve the problem of several hundred thousand immigrants establishing themselves in the US every year and creating several thousand more fraudulent documents. A factor contributing to immigration is the rigorous leaps and bounds immigrants have to go through to become a citizen of the US, for example in 2005, 'the limit of applications for H-1B visas was reached on the first days of the fiscal year'(Kane). Conversely, US government cannot afford the lawful entry of 700,000 immigrants a year; this will prove to be too costly for the US economy.
Step 2: Plan and action: We can plan ways to resolve the immigration issue with a series of steps and by taking action. For immigration, we need to discover what is causing the immigrants to risk death and imprisonment to enter the United States illegally. I hypothesize that immigrants do not want to assimilate to the dominate culture in the US; rather they are intrinsically motivated to enter the US illegally to support the survival of their family. The countries where they are flooding from have high crime rates, corrupt government and weak job opportunities. I propose that we investigate immigrant's true incentive for coming to America and that we create a work program that allows more immigrants to enter the US legally for employment opportunities. Several steps need to be needed to be followed to allow immigrants to work while keeping the US economy strong. The action we will take will investigate five immigrant families.
Immigrants shall be allowed to take pay to their families in other counties.
Immigrants shall pay state and federal taxes that their income requires, but do not have to pay into the social security system.
Immigrants shall not be allowed benefits such as social security, workman's comp, welfare, and etc.
Employers of immigrants shall not be allowed incentives or punishment, therefore immigrants shall have the same employment opportunities as citizens
Young children of immigrants shall be granted permission to live with their families in the US, however they shall not be allowed any benefits.
Children born during parents stay during the work program, shall not be granted citizen ship
Crimes committed during stay will prohibit the immigrants involvement of the program
Immigrants with serious crime history (felons) shall not be allowed to enter the workers program
The evaluation of each worker shall be documented every 6 months.
To implement these steps we will take a panel of researchers who will analyze the families and then apply it to the general population. Furthermore, the panel will investigate the immigrant's mental health because they will not be provided any support besides a residence, food and clothes. The final phases of evaluating and specifying learning will evaluate "constraints and opportunities, and possible futures" (Obrien), and measure the strength of the action" (James). Finally, we shall 'reflect on what worked and what did not work and what we need to learn' (James).
Obrien, Rory. "An Overview of the Methodological Approach of Action Research". Faculty of information's Studies: University of Toronto. 1998. Web. February 24, 2014. http://www.web.net/~robrien/papers/arfinal.html
E. Alana James. "Participatory Action Research+ Complexity". YouTube. Web http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-SAJPF5xiA&feature=youtu.be
Johnson, Kirk. Kane, Tim. "The Real Problem with Immigration…and the Real Solution". Heritige.org http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2006/03/the-real-problem-with-immigration-and-the-real-solution