Resilience and prevention typically go hand in hand. Resilience is the answer to the question how can things change and persist at the same time. Resilience is the ability to bounce back after struggle is endured. Resilience is the community that is wiped out by a flood and come together to rebuild their community.
Everyone has resilience, but how much is different. This also applies to communities and other areas all over the world. There are some types of preventative measures that are instilled such as immunizations, counseling, disaster training, etc. When implementing these preventative measures, you are not needing to rely on resiliency because the plan you have set in place will help ease the pain of the disaster or will help fight off an epidemic. When prevention fails, one must rely upon resilience.
It is unrealistic to think that no matter how much we prepare, that we will be able to withstand a typhoon or even a trash slide. When these preventative measures fail we must turn to resilience. For example, in Nepal, they are a hot spot for natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, lightening and fire. The people of Nepal through the help of Actionaid have helped to teach the people about capacity building, small mitigation, school preparedness, search and rescue training, school safety approach and disaster sensitive school curriculum. They have evacuation drills and plans in case of an emergency, but they also now have training on how to survive after the disaster has happened. When all of the preparation has been done, and now they must deal with the damage that is done, this is when resilience takes place. The resilience is how much the person can bounce back and carry on to recovery from the disaster. It is the community members that will come together to be able to rebuild the community and to be able to start again.
As a school social worker has discovered, resiliency occurs in all people, and one is able to come back from a disaster. She discusses how children who experience struggle do bounce back and lead normal successful lives. Although it would be ideal to remove risk, it is more efficient and productive to look to and understand protective factors, and encourage protective factors. She discusses the resiliency wheel and how the 6 parts of this wheel will help encourage those protective factors, and that this approach can be used on anyone for anything and can help improve anyone's life. The 6 primary environmental factors discussed to help with bounce back are caring and support, communicate high expectations, provide opportunities for participation, increase social bonding, set clear boundaries and to help teach with life skills.