Although drug abuse itself is not as seriously life threatening as AIDs is when you come to defining the life expectancy of each group. Yes, people can die due to their drug abuse but millions of people across the world know they WILL die eventually due to a side effect of AIDs. When discussing prevention there are three stages. The first is primary preventions which looks to reduce the onset of diseases or in our discussion drug abuse. Prevention of AIDs at this level can be helped in children specifically. AIDs prevention must focus on education on a large scale to prevent the spread of AIDs and to show people how to protect themselves and prevent them fro spreading the disease to their loved ones. When it comes to drug abuse education can also be an asset. If people understand they have a higher risk of abusing drugs if they are surrounded by drugs you immediately eliminate possible users who are intelligent enough to leave a bad situation. The level of prevention is useful obviously to the people who are at risk but have not fallen victim to drug abuse. The obvious hope is that most people will not need the other two stages at all. One huge difference here is that drug abuse can be stopped (it may be difficult) but it can be stopped whereas once someone had AIDs there is no known cure there is prevention and then treatments that help deal with it.
The second stage of prevention is secondary which Nelson and Prilletensky describe as not really prevention but rather early detection and intervention. This stage is extremely important! For example, with AIDs the sooner someone knows they are infected the less likely they are to spread the disease. After detection comes understanding which with AIDs can reduce the number of occurrences in and of itself. Also when it comes to AIDs the sooner you begin a drug regimen the better off a person is because the pharmaceutical assistance can "reduce the power of the AIDs virus". When discussing drug abuse the sooner someone realizes they have a problem or are shown that they have a problem the sooner they can begin the road to recovery. In the case of drug abuse family and friends are most likely an addict's detection. We know our loved ones and we can tell when something has changed. Drugs are difficult monsters to face in battle because addictions can be so strong-addicts don't think they can survive without the drugs-that is why detection and then intervention are critical steps! Intervention can come in many forms when it comes to diseases-medication, vaccinations, treatment regimens-with drugs intervention comes through in different ways. There are physical needs obviously with a lot of drugs therefore there are some medical interventions, then there are therapeutic forms of intervention where loved ones can be the most useful!
The third and final stage of prevention is tertiary prevention, which focuses on preventing the progression of a disease after a person has already received a diagnosis. For AIDs this medicine is used to prevent or at least slow down the progression of the disease. In the case of drug abuse the best prevention is to make sure the abuser continues their specific form of therapy to ensure the person's state of mind is in the right place. A great type of prevention would be to surround the abuser with healthy influences and even people who are also trying to get away from their addictions. Furthering a person's education could also have a huge impact on preventing abuse in the future.