Referring to class materials on prevention of AIDS suggest how can we organize primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of drug abuse.
The prevention of drug abuse could easily be contained and eventually eradicated by using primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
Primary prevention, according to Nelson and Prilleltensky, is to reduce the incidence or onset of a disorder in a population. By increasing primary prevention drug abuse can be controlled. If drug abuse education is started at a young age in school, education can help to spread the word and let children know the implications of using drugs. Doing this will have future generations learning and spreading knowledge on the topic. It will also help them to deter their friends from using drugs as well in difficult teen years and help with peer pressure. I also think that if you use the same methodology that Canada uses, it will help the population as a whole. As Nelson and Prilleltensky say, "… in Canada, have become more community-driven, with residents in low-income communities actively participating in the planning and implementation of prevention programs in their communities. These programs are not only driven by community members, but they are designed to change or create meso level settings in the community to foster the well-being of families and children." If we use this implementation, there will be great changes seen because the community is working to help the community. This will also help younger generations to see what the effects of using drugs will do to them, and will also help deter people who are curious to use drugs as well. This will also help members of society who already use drugs as well to be able to see that they need to change their ways otherwise they will be on the receiving end of the care.
Secondary prevention is, "not really prevention, but rather early detection and intervention." With strong community ties it would be easy to track someone who has early detection signs. But if they are not a part of the community these people will slip through the cracks. With implementing the community driven programs these people will not 'slip through the cracks.' They will be able to get the help that they need and be able to meet with people who are going through the same thing or have already gone through what they are experiencing. Also having free counseling and exams to check for overall wellness should be available. If someone realizes they are going down a path that they did not know how they got there, they are usually pretty scared and are ashamed to ask for help. Having community 'safe places' to go to for counseling, advice and even medical treatment at little or no cost would greatly help to be able to get these people the help they need struggling with their addiction. They already have quit smoking facilities at no cost on college campuses; they should spread these resources further for drug dependency as well.
Tertiary prevention focuses on the prevention of disease progression after a diagnosis has already been established. In this case for drug abuse, someone is already a drug user/abuser. These people need great care and constant monitoring. If community driven programs exist, these people will be able to take refuge at the facilities and get the help that they need. There could also be a way for friends and families to be able to get more information for them to be able to help their friend or family member struggle with the drug dependence. They already have groups that meet such as NA, narcotics anonymous. Some people need more than just a support group. There are many side effects to prolonged drug use and when detoxing, the side effects could actually kill you. There needs to be some way that these people can go to a safe place and be able to get the help that they need without being judged. They could also help with the prevention of diseases spreading through drug uses such as having somewhere to exchange dirty needles. Some people look at this as promoting drug use, but it is actually saving lives. Instead of people sharing dirty needles, they can go in and 'trade in' their old dirty needles and get clean ones helping to prevent HIV, AIDS and other intravenous transmitted disease. The use of rehab programs as well can be utilized to help people beat their addictions while being monitored by professionals that know how to help them safely detox and provide them with counseling and training to be able to be drug free once they are on their own.