Referring to class materials on prevention of AIDS suggest how can we organize primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of drug abuse.
According to the Nelson and Prilleltensy readings for this week there are three ways to prevent drug abuse these are: primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Primary Prevention aims to keep people from creating bad habits, or contracting diseases. In the videos that we viewed this week about preventing AIDS in various countries a reoccuring theme was educating people as to what AIDS is and how it is contracted, and most importantly how to prevent it. As for the idea of drug abuse and primary prevention I think the key would be educating people. It would be important to target groups who are most vulnerable to the exposure to drugs (low income communities, high schools, teenagers who dropped out of school). In China HOPE organized free classes about AIDS and how to prevent it, this is an important step preventing drug abuse and the spread of AIDs through such abuse.
Secondary Prevention is geared towards individuals who have contracted a disease (in this case AIDS) but have not yet experienced any of the symptoms and may be unaware they have the disease. In many of these cases the disease is curable through medication. When using secondary prevention it would be important for this individual to realize that they have a problem and take the proper steps to help get them out of situations that put them at risk. Medication may be used, or "distracting habits" many times when trying to overcome an addiction of heroin or other strong substances, their cravings are supplimented by smoking cigarettes.
Finally tertiary prevention comes into play once an individual has come to realize that they do have a long term and possibly life threatening addiction. In these cases it is important to have outside support in order to keep the abuser in a good state of mind, because this is always half the battle. When an individual who is battling an addiction has proper support it will create an environment where they will feel safe. It is also important to try and decrease the amount of physical effects that they may face.