Prevention

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Prevention

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Prevention

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Primary prevention of drug use is critical, due to the addictive nature of the problem; primary prevention is really the most influential method of making an impact on the issue. It is necessary for primary prevention of drug abuse to create an environment where the individual is not exposed to the issue, and in addition to this protection, it will be important that leaders provide tools to stay safe such as options for activities, mentors, and education about the ill-effects of drugs on the mind and body. Active participation in a program or exposure in an active way will be critical; there must be vested interest for the individual to stay away from drugs. An example of this would be the DARE program at schools.
Secondary prevention is involves more an approach of early intervention actions and detection. As mentioned in the reading materials, this type of prevention involves identifying the risk group and the early signs of involvement of disease and intervening in an appropriate way at the earliest time. In the case of drug abuse, it would be important for leaders to confidently identify the early signs of drug use and be able to implement help before the use becomes abuse. This might also involve early medical intervention, requiring and assisting someone using drugs to see a doctor and counselor in order to be helped and educated about how to prevent further involvement and control the damage already done.
The final stage of prevention is tertiary prevention which puts in place interventions to help those involved in the drug abuse. After the interventions of secondary prevention there is still a need for follow up and continued support. In this disease this might include: medication to maintain psychological and biochemical stability, continued monitoring with physicians, continued counseling with life goals, and possible on-going peer support such as 12-step groups. This type of prevention will provide barriers to relapse and in hope curtail any further damage done by the disease.


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Referring to class materials on prevention of AIDS suggest how can we organize primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of drug abuse.


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