Poverty and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals.

By March 4, 2012
OfflinePhoto of Marek Wosinski

Please write  one page plan of your semester paper. The plan should contain the title of the paper, brief description of what you did to collect relevant information, brief description of the content and conclusions you are expecting.


About the author

Marek Wosinski

Founder of UCP-SARnetArizona State University

Marek Wosinski received his degrees in psychology (with specialization in clinical and educational psychology) from the University of Warsaw (Poland). He held academic and administrative positions…


OfflinePhoto of alice li alice li said 4 years ago

America is blessed to be rich in numerous of resources and sources that can help sustain the needs of the nation. Chad, however, is an area that goes through fickle weather conditions: flooding to droughts. Due to the extremity of the weather, there is problem in growing crops and sustaining a healthy agricultural safety net for these communities (International Fund for Agricultural Development, 2010).  Another difference is that Chad is a predominantly rural area where America is still expanding in its urbanizing growth spurt. Urbanization increases trade, which is a one of the factors that play into U.S.'s poverty woes, and trade increases the ability to work with other communities for profit and growth. 

The title of my paper is Poverty in Tunisia and Its Impact on the Millennium Development Goals. The process of collecting data and relevant information was through research through the ASU database library and through various sites linked to UN goals and the UN site. Much of the research that was found was based on statistical data from 2005-2011. The data collected reflected poverty in a range of issues from the education level among children to young adults, the state of the economy, health care, and many other factors. I choose to look at poverty from all angles; in my research and findings I discovered that poverty isn't just lacking money to provide for one's self but there are multiple factors that can influence poverty in a community but also within a nation. These factors such as education can create a chain reaction, for example if a child grows up in a family where no one is educated that child will lack the proper education and knowledge to know how to navigate through life. If that child's parents aren't educated as well the parents won't have the knowledge to know where to go for social services or basic knowledge how to provide the proper care to the family. Lacking an education the family won't have the requirements for a high paying job and will have to be stuck with a minimal paying job that probably won't cover the bills.  If the family can't afford health care services illness will prevail and the family will be susceptible to disease over time. Just from the factor of not receiving proper education this family can easily fall below the poverty line over time. Personal stories like these were among the many testimonies I found during the research process. The overall content of my paper is going to discuss how the country is in a positive correlation to reach the millennium development goals and what the country did to create new policies and procedures to eradicate poverty. The conclusion I believe the paper will have in regards to the country meeting the goal on poverty is overall positive. I believe that when 2015 comes around the country will be well ahead of meeting this goal. The overall opinion of the country is that just like all countries each country has its own set of problems and they are working to correct these areas. No one country is perfect in all areas and Tunisia while doing well in poverty could improve other areas of the country and I believe that the over UN goals will not be met with this country but the number one goal of eradicating poverty will be met. 

The title of my paper is The Impact the MDGs have on poverty in Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso is a developing country in western Africa, with a population of about 16.3 million people. Half of their population is living below the poverty line. Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world where about one in five children die under the age of five. Only half of the population have access to clean drinking water and 15% of people have access to sanitation. I used lots of different research databases to find information about the goals of MDGs and the severity of poverty in Burkina Faso. Through my research I have found many organizations and plans made for Burkina Faso to help them step by step to end hunger and eliminate poverty as quick as possible. With educating the people of their country and making people around the world aware of how bad many of the people in this country are suffering is key. One of the main issues in this country is the fight against HIV/AIDS. I found the most information about campaigns and organizations that are trying to stop the spread of this awful disease. I am expecting to find more information on the living conditions, sanitation issues and hunger problems of Burkina Faso. As well as the steps that have already been made towards the MDGs. 

For this Community Psychology course the requirement for the final paper is to write about poverty in a given country and its impact on the realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals. The country that I was assigned to report on is Mozambique. The title of my paper is: How Poverty in Mozambique Impacts the Realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals. The sources that I am using to conduct my research for this paper include but are not limited to: Books from the public library on Mozambique history, economy, geography, environment, social issues and culture. Various websites that I have utilized previously when writing my posts, videos from the lectures in class and also reading materials included in those lectures. The textbook is also going to be a great reference for my paper. The content of my paper will include a brief synopsis on the geography of Mozambique such as explaining that it has a population of 19,406,703 (about the same as New York) but it only has 63 people per square mile so is vastly different from New York in regards to being crowded. I think providing information on Mozambique's history is important to give people an overview and insight of the country. Many may not know that Mozambique played an integral part in the emerging international trade in the 15th century. I will also speak on different historical events that contributed to the country's economic downfall. This will lead into current poverty issues this country faces today and what contributing factors continue to perpetuate poverty in Mozambique. Such as the violation of the citizen's basic human rights, gender inequality, lack of education, lack of community involvement, high rates of HIV/AIDS etc. This will provide an explanation as to how poverty impacts the realization of the other UN Millennium Development Goals. The government's lack of concern for members of the communities will continue to make the people of this country feel a sense of hopelessness. If they do not feel empowered they will not contribute to trying to better their community. In week 7 in the Social Justice by Bioneers video Van Jones (Founder of Ella Baker Center for Human Rights) stated: "Connect the people who most need work with the work that most needs doing, when you do that you save" The government officials should take the initiative to look at situations in the community that need to be rectified and create jobs for citizens that would remedy these issues. A perfect example of this would be the green roof enterprise created in New Yorks South Bronx. This project created jobs within the neighborhood by employing citizens to build green roof tops which would help sustain their environment. The Mozambique government must take great strides to ensure that their citizen's are treated with equality until then human rights violations and social injustice will continue to be a vicious cycle. I believe this is where the need for better leadership comes into play. This country needs leaders that will have the community's best interest at heart and be willing to do their part in ensuring that communities do flourish and prosper. Community psychologists can also play a role in this process by providing innovative ideas to leaders and communities on ways to accomplish this. The conclusion that I am expecting is that I believe that the eradication in Mozambique will be accomplished one day but I do not think that this will occur by 2015. There are so many issues that need to be addressed and eradicating poverty is a work in progress and hopefully this goal along with all the others will be obtained sooner rather than later.


I made this into an outline so I hope that will be okay for everyone! 

"Let The Bad Times Roll"

Thesis:Environmental characteristics such as low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, and community mobility work together in creating crime in a micro and macro level scale whether on the political battlefield or in small village in Chad. Poverty plays a hand in stimulating poor environmental characteristics that block the realization of the UN Millennium Developmental Goals composed in 2000.

  1. Introduction
    1. Paul Westerberg sings in 2007, "The good times hide and so do I. Out of control, I dig a hole. I'm gonna let the bad times roll. I need someone, not infection." The song didn't become a hit or rise on the charts, only a few nodded their heads in tempo to the slow beats and sleepy croon of Paul Westerberg. In the sweltering heat of Chad where the earth is dry and unforgiving, and the seasons are beginning to turn from perpetually hot to consuming floods, the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad was established by the United Nations Security Council. Its goal was to give assistance to the refugees fleeing from Darfur who were heading to Chad for safety. This, too, did not become more than a segment in the news for less than five minutes before the public. While both of these events in history are easily forgettable if far from the situation, there is something else that both do share in common. Both of these events speak of losing control and that both do "need someone, not infection." Chad is a country that is militarized on high levels and solving problems consists of weapons and armed men. Environmental characteristics such as low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, and community mobility work together in creating crime in a micro and macro level scale whether on the political battlefield or in a small village in Chad. Poverty plays a hand in stimulating poor environmental characteristics that block the realization of the UN Millennium Developmental Goals composed in 2000. How can the UN, Chad, and other nations help combat poverty from letting "the bad times roll?" 
  2. General Characteristics of Chad:
    1. Environmentally unstable ranging from intense droughts to overwhelming floods that destroy crops. Great bodies of water such as Lake Chad that is shrinking, leading to fisheries becoming nearly extinct, and locals struggling to survive. Farmlands diminishing.
    2. Politically unstable and in turn leads to much political upheaval. Chad is a violence-based country that focuses on a military presence to enforce its actions or solve problems. 
  3. Poverty in Chad: 
    1. Infrastructure being built, leading to communities being destroyed, leaving numerous of displaced families and citizens (Amnesty, 2012). 
    2. Enforced disappearance of political leaders that aim on stopping crime and promoting humanitarian work (Amnesty, 2012).
    3. Chadian and Sudanese groups and bandits killing, raping, and kidnapping people for ransom. Some of these individuals happen to also include humanitarian workers.
  4. Impact of Poverty on Realization of other MDGs in Chad:
    1. Enforced disappearance of political leaders that aim on stopping crime and promoting humanitarian work (Amnesty, 2012).
    2. Pushing out of supportive forces such as the DIS which has helped protect Chadians and refugees, also giving females jobs and connecting with the community. 
  5. Role of Community Organizations in Reducing Poverty in Chad:
    1. DHAPP in teaching the community on how to test, work with equipment, and prevent HIV/AIDS. 
    2. Tree Planting Association that has planted drought-resistant trees to prepare for the extinction of Lake Chad and a main water source (Sesay, 2011).
    3. Chad Coalition of Women's Groups that aims on defeating social stigmatism placed on them. There is much gender violence which can be tied into poverty (the rise of poverty leads to the rise of crime which can promote gender power disparities). It is crucial to eliminate sexual and gender-based violence in Chad in order to stop gender-based discrimination.
    4. DIS helping to protect refugees that fled to Chad due to the violence in Darfur. 
  6. Need for Leadership Training in Chad: 
    1. This is a difficult one because I see much turmoil in the government, meaning that there should be leadership training within the communities first. Build strong leaders there so it can help the community build resilience and consistency. Through the accumulation of strong leaders in the community can it connect with neighboring communities, possibly building a strong force that will force the government to hear its voice. 
  7. How Community Psychologists Can Contribute to Realization of MDGs in Chad:
    1. Creating developmental programs that are high in collective efficacy (shared exceptions and mutual engagement by residents in local social control). This can unite communities on how to face problems together.
    2. Develop reliable resources within their own country, not necessarily solely from outside help. How can the community connect with the local government and local forces? 
    3. Creating more programs such as the DHAPP, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, that went into Chad and helped educate and train the soldiers on how to test themselves, prevent HIV/AIDS, and also learn how to utilize the programs. Can there be programs that help combat the floods or create crops that are specifically resilient to droughts? Perhaps grow them in time with the seasons.
  8. General Reflection: 
    1. In my personal opinion, I believe that there is much political upheaval and corruption that will continue to always serve as a barrier from accomplishing the UN Millennium Development Goals. Another dilemma that I see is the further abuse that can be taken due to Chad's poor standing. What usually occurs in poor areas are a surplus of environmental injustices. What poor countries and areas will do is enterprise, bring in a company that will stimulate job growth and income, but in turn brutalize and hurt the environment. Already there is a sign of an environmental injustice in Chad in regards to oil industry that can pollute the water sources, injure the population, and do more bad than good. The United States already as examples of the impact on oil such as the following: Gulf Coast, Deepwater Horizon, Prince William Sound, and Cancer Alley. Now if you take these events and place it in Chad, the reaction and response from the government and the people will not be instantaneously heard or felt as it would in the United States. This brings me to my reflection that due to Chad being deep in poverty and struggling with support, it muffles Chad's voice and the ability to exercise their rights. In turn, it seems to spur on more political upheaval but also more political power in keeping Chadians silent. So what I predict is that by bringing more social awareness to other neighboring nations and within Chad itself can it help revitalize the communities into becoming a powerhouse. I want to see the UN and other nations with great influence try to influence Chadian government into focusing more on what it can do for its people in a lifelong, sustaining manner. 


Amnesty International. "Chad: Hundreds of families forcibly evicted from their homes." (2012): n. page. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <>.

Amnesty International. "Chad: Government must investigate the enforced disappearance of Ibni Oumar Mahamat Saleh." Amnesty International Public Statement. (2012): n. page. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <>.

Bunch, Charlotte. "The intolerable status quo: Violence against women and girls." Progress of Nations. (1997): n. page. Web. 15 Mar. 2012. <>.

Nelson, Geoffrey, and Isaac Prilleltensky. Community Psychology: In Pursuit of Liberation and Well-Being. 2nd. Great Britain : PALGRAVE MACMILLAN, 2010.

Sesay, Isha. "Shrinking Lake Chad Turning Farmland Into Desert." CNN 02 March 2011, n. pag. Web. 8 Mar. 2012. <>.

Solhjell, Randi, John Karlsrud, and John Harald Sande Lie. Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. Department of Security and Conflict Management. Protecting Civilians against Sexual and Gender-based Violence in Eastern Chad. Olso: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs , 2010. Web. < Lie.pdf>.

The country that I was given to write about for this community psychology class is Guinea-Bissau. Throughout the course, we were given topics to write about pertaining to that country, which related to the Millennium Development Goals, and preparing us for our final paper. The topic for the final paper that I am writing for the community psychology class is poverty in Guinea-Bissau and its impact on the Millennium Development goals. The title of my paper is Guinea-Bissau: How the level of poverty will impact the Millennium Development Goals. The information used in my paper was obtained from various websites including ASU's libraries and, as well as previous posts throughout the semester. From the research used for previous posts, and research for this paper, the poverty in Guinea-Bissau will impact the Millennium Development Goals in a negative way. The negative influence of Guinea-Bissau is that they will not reach the goals set by the United Nations by 2015.

Though Guinea-Bissau has made improvements since the Millennium Development Goals were instilled, there is still room for more improvement. Due to the extreme poverty levels in Guinea-Bissau, an estimated 52% of children were enrolled in school in 2000, the availability of clean drinking water was at 61%, and 45% of reported deaths was due to malaria. Compared to American statistics, the percentage of children enrolled in school and availability of clean drinking water in Guinea-Bissau is significantly lower, almost half of what it is in America.  As a preventative measure against malaria, an estimated 100,000 mosquito nets were donated by UNICEF. Despite the increase in education and clean drinking water, and the decrease in number of cases of malaria, the poverty levels in Guinea-Bissau prevent the numbers from improving. With an estimated 64.7% of the population living below the national poverty line, it is difficult to send children to school, improve living condition, such as clean drinking water, and having access to items necessary to prevent illnesses such as malaria. Without improving the poverty level, which is a Millennium Development Goal that is also not being reached, the impact poverty has on the other Millennium Development goals are that they will be unable to be reached. While I hope that one day these goals can be reached In Guinea-Bissau, I do not believe it will happen within the next few years as originally anticipated. I also believe that this will extended the deadline for these goals and encourage more people to help.

Central African Republic


            Provide relevant information regarding the Central African Republic in terms of general characteristics, poverty, impact of poverty on the development of other Millennium Development Goals, community organizations, leadership training, and how community psychologists can help. Brief descriptions of what those topics cover.



            Provide a general discussion of poverty, and how it specifically effects the Central African Republic.  Also describe the resources that I've used such as the United Nations website about the Millennium Development Goals. Give descriptions of the different goals.  Talk about other resources used to get statistics/other information.


General Characteristics:

            Describe the Central African Republic.  What is currently going on their? what are their problems?  What are they doing well?



            What is considered the status quo in the Central African Republic.  Describe how the country is trying to accomplish the MDG goal of Eradicate Poverty.


Impact of Poverty on the other MDG's:

            How is poverty inhibiting the further accomplishment of the other Millennium Development Goals?


Role of Community Organizations in Reducing Poverty:

            What are the community organizations doing to help reduce poverty?  What should they be doing?



Need for Leadership Training:

            What effect would leadership training have on poverty?  What kinds of leadership training should be done?


How Community Psychologists can Contribute:

            Describe how community psychologist can help train people in effective ways of leadership.  So that the people they train can use their knowledge and experience to teach the people around them.  Describe how community psychologist can provide information to village elders in how to create a stable community organization so that they can bring in some income to their village.  Describe how just being able to provide information to people and governments can help them accomplish some of the MDG's.


General Reflections:

            How is the Central African Republic currently doing in regards to its completion of the MDG's.  What did I learn about the Central African Republic?  How can I incorporate the knowledge that I have gained in my everyday life?

            For the assignment of the final paper in Community Psychology class, I was assigned to the country of Togo. The title page is "Poverty in Togo and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals." Togo was owed by the French in till it gained its independence in 1960.  Togo has a population of 6,961,049. Togo is located in Western Africa in between the countries of Benin and Ghana and bordering Burkina. It's a small county; it is approximately the size of West Virginia.  It is near the ocean and is a tropical climate. It is hot, humid in the South and is semiarid in the North. According the Central Intelligence Agency the current environment issues are: defrosting attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas.          

            This country is not close to meeting the MDG. As far as goal 4 reduces child mortality and goal 6 combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, they are not close. This country has a high mortality rate of children under the age of 5 due to diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, respiratory infections and AIDS. When it comes to goal 3 which is promotes gender equality and empowerment women are still not treated equally. As far as it being legal that they are, the government doesn't do much to help protect this right. When it comes to goal 5 which is maternal health, women have a lot of issues. This country still practices tradition of marrying girls off at early ages and having them bear children at really young ages, and female genital mutilation is still practiced in this country. There is not a lot of food in this country and they have issues with their planting and harvestings. Because of these issues goal 1 of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger is not where it needs to be. According the Central Intelligence Agency there is about 20.5% of children under the age of 5 are considered under weight. When it comes to goal 2 of achieving universal primary education the country is working on making this a possibility.  The literacy rate for the total population is 60.9% making up of 75.4% of males and 46.9% of women.  Where males complete close to 10 years where females complete 8 years.  

The title of my paper is going to be Guinea a county that will not be forgotten. I am going to write about Guinea's history, economy, health, and culture. This paper is something that I have been working on piece by piece to put it together at the end. Most of the post assigned to us in UCP-SARnet's contained questions that I have already researched which gave me a head start at working on my paper. I plan on using some of the articles I have already used for past research on my target county, and I plan on doing more research online and use scholarly articles found in ASU's library. The research that I conduct is going to allow me to write my paper and explain what is going on in the country when it comes to environmental development, economy, child health, education, gay rights, and culture and how aid's is effecting the country. There are different approaches I can take when it comes to writing about Guinea; I just think these are key areas to find out about Guinea's past and what can be done in the future to improve the county's economic stability, and health. I am expecting to find that Guinea is not like the U.S. and the rights for men and women are different especially for women. I think it is going to be hard for one of the poorest countries in the world to ever reach MGD's development goals, let alone by 2015.   















Offline Mark Reyes said 4 years ago

The title of my paper will be Senegal and the Millennium Development Goals: A View of the Progress towards Poverty Goals for 2015.

In putting this paper together, I had to look at the poverty issue as a whole (collecting current data from the MDG website, recent findings of studies conducted in Senegal, efforts in motion, etc).  But in gathering that information, it was realized that in trying to tackle one component of the MDG initiatives, there are multiple factors that not only need to be considered, but tackled by different approaches.  I'm also looking to attach these struggles and efforts to the other goals of MDG beyond the main "Poverty" goal.  Therefore, I will be focusing my piece around 3 major factors and efforts for now.  I will look to add more factors if I find that I cannot reach the 10 page minimum with sufficient data, though I'm not concerned at this time.  That said, I'll be focusing on the slowed down growth of GDP and the reasons behind them, which would hinder local efforts to alleviate poverty.  The next issue will revolve around efforts to feed and educated the youth of Senegal which has garnered lots of attention recently.  The final issue will be solely devoted to poverty in the country itself and how it relates to the efforts/outcomes of neighboring countries programs.  With these topics discussed, I'll broaden the data towards how they impact the overall MDG goal for Senegal. 

Overall, I am looking to have a conclusion around the notion that efforts are being made, but improvements need to implement quickly as the country is going through a political change that may advert efforts already in play.  In short, Senegal is making progress but there is room for improvement.

For sources I'm looking to use ASU library resources as well as my prior postings/sources.  I'll also reference our course material as need be and of course, the MDG website.

The final project for this class involves writing a paper about a given country and about the social interactions and basic senses of community that the country consists of. Some of the basic ideas for a sense of community is togetherness, belongingness, reciprocal sharing of resources between members, and overall group cohesiveness. Some of the factual content of the country I am writing about, Kenya, involves statistics about mental and physical health, disease, crime, youth, education, domestic violence, and economy. While incorporating these ideas and statistics we can begin to build on how Kenya is developing these aspects of life, while trying to build an identity as a country.

            For collecting relative information about Kenya, I've used various internet websites to collect statistical and overall, more quantitative data. I have also used our library's research database to review various articles about Kenya and read about more qualitative data. I have also watched different videos about Kenya on different topics to learn as much as possible before putting together my paper.

            From much of the data I have collected, it very much shows that Kenya is still in a development state of building an identity and building character as well. They are extremely underdeveloped and many of the people of Kenya are living in extreme poverty. Many in which do not even have access to water. Disease and overall health of the nation is also a cause for concern, while other social deviant acts are also on the rise with the increase of drug and alcohol use. Much of the reading and videos I have seen say that Kenya is progressing and getting better in trying to build the community and bring people together. The youth have a very strong voice in this country and have been empowered to lead the country toward positive change. The overall conclusion is that Kenya is still very much in a development stage, however the future looks bright as the youth movement builds stronger and stronger under the right leadership.

The title of my paper is "Poverty in Niger and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals." What I did to collect relevant information for my paper was through the ASU database and relevant information throughout the course material we have come across this semester. Around 60% of Niger's population is living in poverty. By many, Niger is considered one of the poorest countries in the world when you take into account all aspects of poverty. Looking at all aspects of poverty and minimizing their effects will help Niger to achieve the MGD goals. Poverty includes hunger or starvation, illiteracy rate, normal household income, government and economic status, number of children, agriculture, healthcare, education and GDP. I will discuss these factors and how poverty plays a role within these systems. A major factor that is particular to Niger is that 80% of the country is covered by the Saharan Desert which makes it difficult to grow crops. Niger's Government is also a big problem and will need to change the dynamic of the country. Many women and children do not have the rights that we have here in the United States. Poverty is a main cause of this because people use them in order to make money for trafficking and prostitution. Also the education system is subpar and does not seem to be growing as fast as it should be and this puts a major strain on the community and its development.

The conclusion I am expecting are for there to be improvement through the country of Niger, but it is unrealistic to believe that the MDG's will be accomplished by the year 2015. I believe because of the turmoil they are in and how poverty stricken they are, it will be extremely difficult to reach these goals anytime soon. If the country of Niger cannot implement the basics of human compassion and equal rights all around, it is difficult to think that the poverty situation will change anytime soon which is causing many of the other problems.

Safiya Al-Akoum

PGS365 Final Paper Plan (Poverty in Cameroon)


Poverty and Cameroon

            My final paper is about Cameroon, and its progress toward realizing all of the human rights goals aimed at it with respect to how poverty may be affecting the progression of the goals. My paper will start out with a paragraph explaining a bit about Cameroon, followed by the major millennium goals focused on Cameroon and how these goals are being met or may be met in the face of poverty within the country itself. I will follow up with a little bit of information pertaining to methods being used by aid organizations, as well as Cameroon itself, to address the issue of poverty itself.

            I also include a brief introduction to some of the organization founded in Cameroon, and some foreign aid organizations that are aiming their services at Cameroon to help give a better picture of the work currently being done in the country to help deal with issues of poverty, and other goals. Hopefully with info on the organized efforts used in Cameroon to help with the country, it'll improve my understanding of how things can be further addressed or helped. This will also help me understand the paper prompt about what kind of role these organizations truly play in achieving the goals for Cameroon.

            I have done a lot of research online, and I have found some organizations that are specifically targeted at Cameroon. I am planning on going to the library to gather some resources in journals and books about the country. The UCP-sarnet website also has some resources I plan on using to support my paper.

            I'll end my paper with a brief analysis of the issues going on in Cameroon, the methods being used to address them, and how this will help Cameroon to realize all of its goals and to reach its maximum potential. I think that given what I've found, Cameroon has a lot of hope and seems to be trying really hard to help itself, so I am expecting to find a lot of positive information regarding the issues facing the country. Hopefully at this point I will have gathered a lot of resources to support my claims and I'll make sure to cite them at the end of my paper. 

The title of my paper is "Successes and Failures in Reaching the MDG of Eradicating Poverty in Equatorial Guinea". It explores the extent of the poverty and the direction the country is moving in this MDG. Emphasis is placed on why a country with considerable wealth from oil revenue continues to experience a high incidence of extreme poverty. It includes the negative impact of corruption, greed, discrimination, and disease on achieving the goal as well as the positive impact of education, changing and enforcing laws, as well as program development.

A collaborative approach is needed to fully impact the countries' poverty. The other MDGs are crucial in reducing poverty. Healthcare, education, and equal gender rights are necessary in effecting real change. There are ongoing projects that have made local and regional reductions in poverty levels. These projects will be explained further in depth.

Information collection was obtained by using the ASU database, the UN website, the course textbook, course videos, and individual websites related to Equatorial Guinea projects. I expect to conclude that although deep and long standing problems continue to propagate poverty in Equatorial Guinea, strong community and global projects can help reduce the country's poverty.


Introduction: My target country that I was assigned was the country of Gabon. Full disclosure, I did not know that Gabon existed before taking this class and doing the subsequent research, not that geography was ever a significant interest of mine. The history of Gabon is considerably brief (the did not become an independent country until 1960), but it is important to note that this does not necessarily indicate a limit on information that we have access to as it pertains to the Gabonese history ican

  1. General characteristic of Gabon: Gabon is a relatively small country in relation to its surrounding countries. A vast majority of Gabonese land is covered by forest and the population is only about 1.5 million, which is a considerably small number for a country of this size.
  2. Poverty in Gabon: Poverty is still a very, very serious problem in Gabon. Especially when you consider the future of the Gabonese Economy. A significant chunk of Gabon's gross domestic product is dominated by oil production, but the remaining oil is being used up quickly and they have yet to implement a rigid plan for economic stability after the oil has been used.
  3. Impact of poverty on realization of other MDGs in Gabon: It is very important to understand that the realization of all Millennium Development Goals are dependent on the eradication of poverty. Not to insinuate that these goals are unobtainable without achieving MDG 1, but you are placed at a significant disadvantage if that is the case.

General Comments

We cannot minimize that significance that poverty has on the well-being of the Gabonese people. It is part of the human responsibility to attempt to progress all aspects of our lives. It takes much more than a few elected officials to make this a reality, as community organizations are amongst various 

The Reality of Poverty in Zambia

The tile of my paper is The Reality of Poverty in Zambia, because I want to show poverty's real face in this part of the world. In this paper, I will talk about the reality of poverty in Zambia and of the inhumane conditions that many of the people there live in. Most of the people have inadequate access to water, food, and shelter, and there isn't much help for the hopeless. I will also talk about the current types of help and assistance the government is offering and what the policy makers are doing to help eradicate poverty in this part of the world, which will eventually contributing to the MDG's. Also, I will talk about what the community organizations are doing to help reduce poverty levels in Zambia, and what the obstacles they have faced in trying to do so. In my paper, I will touch up on education and domestic violence issues that people from Zambia are facing, which contribute to the poor conditions of how they live. I will mention the types of programs available to those in need and what isn't offered. I will mention the types of training that people of Zambia need, throughout different communities around the country, which will help educate and create more jobs and opportunities for the people. So far, I have been using information on the UCP-SRnet website to gather information about the target country, as well as using information found in educational videos and testimonials found online. The video testimonials have had the most impact on me, because it shows me in the real conditions that these people are living in and not just statistics from the government. These testimonials show the true face of poverty and it's devastating effects on the people. Another source that I have found very useful is the book by Geoffrey Nelson and Isaac Prilleltensky, Community Psychology 2nd Edition.

By this paper, my goal is to educate and raise awareness of such severe poverty in third-world countries like Zambia. I also want people to know about the violation of human rights and the way people are living and treated in Zambia due to extreme poverty, while policy makers don't seem to do much about the problem. Raising awareness and informing people of the inhumane conditions in which people live in will hopefully help contribute to successfully reaching one of the MDG; the eradication of poverty.

-Efrain Tiscareno 

Looking at the benefits we have is Americans is almost disheartening when comparing these things with Rwanda. But it seems these countries do have some things in common. We are all suffering with poverty and we are all affected by the UN Millennium Development Goals. Some countries of course are suffering much worse than others, but we all have common ground in the fact that poverty surrounds us and affects our common goal of ending poverty. My title for this paper will be Rwanda: Impact on UN Millennium Goals and the Changing Situation. To collect my information, I will be using the ASU database, and take full usage of the UN Millennium Development website. To gain some basic information about my country I will use the most up to date websites available. Also, our text for this class will come into great use for the community psychologist input.

When analyzing why Rwanda is in the predicament it is in, geography and political aspects are probably the most important aspects when understanding poverty. Rwanda is located in the middle of Africa, and the land has a lack of resources. Rwanda also has the greatest population density, and is one of the poorest countries. The genocide of Rwanda was also a key factor in increasing poverty in the country. Due to many males dying during 1994, many males were killed, which left the women to run the household. And in this type of male dominated community, it left the women with children at a very big disadvantage. These households also have a high percentage of HIV/AIDS, which has left a lot of children orphans. I will go into further details about the statistics of Rwanda's poverty and explain in more detail how the genocide of 1994 greatly impacted the country.

            Looking at the basic information gathered, it looks like Rwanda has a lot of work ahead of them. It is going to take a lot of work from the people, and from the community psychologists as well. It is also difficult to find a solution to Rwanda because they are such a low resource country. This would require other countries to come in help and import resources. If the political aspect of Africa is not under control, then Rwanda does not have much hope. To make the UN Millennium Goals to happen, a lot of countries are going to have to pool their resources together and help the countries that are in dire need. However, by the looks of it, Africa is not economically stable. 

OfflinePhoto of Maile Labor Maile Labor said 4 years ago

The title of my paper is The Power of the UN MDGs in Ethiopia. Throughout the semester with the weekly topics and the discussions on UCP-SAR net, I have been gathering information through articles, the UN MDG website, World Bank and other websites about the progress and impact of the efforts in the country. I intend to find more information through these same outlets, and if possible find any relevant books pertaining to the MGDs and the progress in Ethiopia. One of the biggest efforts I have seen throughout my research is in the efforts of improving health, HIV/AIDS efforts and gender equality with female empowerment. These areas I have found have been the most influential in my target country showing great efforts by local and outside entities. I think that a lot of progress has been made thus far, but I think much more work needs to be done and that it is not likely that all the UN MDGs will be reached by 2015. I think my paper is headed in a good direction with identifying the efforts made and acknowledging the progress as well.

  1.  Introduction (brief description of the objective for the paper      and description of resources used to find relevant materials.)

My paper is about Burundi and its impact on the realization of reaching the UN Millennium Development goals. Some websites that give related information about Burundi are UNICEF and  I will also use the text, Community Psychology (Nelson and Prilleltensky).

  1. General characteristic of      Burundi.

Burundi is a small country (slightly smaller than Maryland) with approximately 10,500,000 people. It is mostly agricultural, with tea and coffee being the main exports.  This also accounts for more than ninety percent of the population's employment.

  1. Poverty in Burundi. Description of the status quo of realization of the 1      MDG (Eradicate Poverty) in Burundi.

Burundi is located in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa.  It is a densely populated country that is just recently emerging from a 12 year civil war.  Because of this, thousands of men, women, and children have been displaced, trying to escape from violence and destruction.  The people of Burundi have been greatly deprived of their human rights, including loss of access to health care, education, and employment opportunities.  At 42 percent, they have the second highest rate of income from foreign aid in Sub-Saharan Africa.  In Burundi, over 68 percent of the population is below the poverty line, compared to the United States at 15.1 percent. 

  1. Impact of poverty on realization of      other MDGs in Burundi.

Burundi is not in a good position to reach the MDGs by 2015.  The 12 year civil war has displaced many people. Because so many people have been displaced throughout all of the destruction, it is difficult to find and attend schools. 

Burundi is the fourth least developed country in the world.  Sixty eight percent of Burundians live on less than 1 dollar per day.  Job availability is scarce, mostly limited to agricultural work.  When the price of coffee is lowered, wages must also be lowered.  Many people are poor and make enough to eat, but do not have any money to spare.  Burundians have been abused when it comes to their human rights and social justice.  Although the government is now trying to correct these issues, the people are so devastated from the past years of violence; it is difficult to come out of it. 

  1. Role of      community organizations in reducing poverty in Burundi

Education in Burundi seems to be the best way for communities to learn how to reduce poverty in Burundi.

  1. Need for      leadership training in Burundi.

Because Burundi is emerging from a 12 year civil war, the need for leadership training is a necessity.  Teaching non-violence and conflict resolution are some of the most important things that leaders can teach the youth of Burundi.

  1. How      community psychologists can contribute to realization of MDGs in Burundi.

Community psychologists have a large role in educating the public about things such as human trafficking, domestic violence, and gender inequality.  Education is one of the most important ways to teach the world how to put a stop to the poverty issues in many countries.

Title: The Republic of South Sudan: A Look at a New Country's Impact on the Realization of UN Millennium Development Goals

Through this paper, issues in the country of the Republic of South Sudan (also known as South Sudan) that are hindering the successful completion of the Millennium Development Goals for 2015 will be discussed in greater detail. This paper will discuss how much of the current problems in South Sudan are a direct result from recent wars and recently becoming an independent state (country). By delving into the main reasons for poverty in South Sudan, other Millennium Developmental Goals will be discussed as they are all linked to one another. By discussing the current flaws of how the country is running there is hope that change can and will occur that will create a more peaceful South Sudan. Relevant research was collected through the ASU database searches as well as from covered topics throughout this community psychology class. As different topics were discussed new websites and information was found that pertained specifically to the country that I was assigned for this class. Websites like google and Wikipedia, were used to search for some obscure topics that were hard to find resources for on other websites. Conclusions that I have come to after researching this country are that change is possible; however, it is unlikely that the change needed to better the lives of the South Sudanese people will happen overnight. Current programs are in place to help better the lives of these people, but they are far from complete. As for accomplishing the MDGs in this country by 2015, I think this is highly unlikely and that the country will accomplish this but due to its newness there is a lot that needs to be put in place in order for this to happen and with only 3 years until the deadline, this seems impossible to do in that time span. With continued effort I believe that this country can change and become a more civil, more empowered, and less impoverished country.

"Poverty in Somalia and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals."

This final paper will discuss the astonishing challenges Somalia is currently facing to achieve the MGD's. Somalia is troubled by extreme drought followed by floods leaving the communities susceptible to Cholera and other disease, man-made problems such as armed conflict create other problems slowing progress to humanitarian affairs to achieve the MGD's . Although the country still faces many encounters, action has being taken to reach the 8 global goals; all of which have been given equal precedence in the situation of Somalia, and capable with convincing targets. According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2007 for Somalia, there is a modest improvement.

                The report also mentions that a number of programs and interventions have been implemented, allowing some progress in increasing enrollment of primary education, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and alleviating extreme poverty and hunger.

The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia is working with stake-holders and with international donors to build a healthier governance to resist violence and harsh natural-environmental hazards such as droughts and floods as mentioned. This paper will also address Somalia's current plan to try and correct the situation through promotion and knowledge of early recovery to hopefully fast-track the change from relief to development where it is realistically achievable.

The use of Somalia's social capital following community-driven recovery, supporting an empowering environment for private sector growth, and the progressive capacity-building of local and national institutions are being introduced as major strategies in support of the MDGs.

I researched using the ASU database, the UN Millennium Development website, the UCPSARnet website, the UNICEF website, and highlighted sections of our Community Psychology textbook to help support information and reflections in this paper.

Offline S V said 4 years ago

For this research paper, titled Poverty in Ghana and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals, I collected information through the University-Community Partnerships for Social Action Research website, the ASU online library, and relevant UN Millennium Goals websites. While researching this topic online, I found various data sheets, graphs, articles, and facts on poverty in Ghana, and Ghana's UN MDG's.

The information found thus far has provided great knowledge of where Ghana currently stands on their MDG's. So far, Ghana has made great progress. They are currently on track for 3 of their 8 goals, including ensuring environmental sustainability, developing a global partnership for development, and achieving universal primary education (United Nations, 2007). Unfortunately, Ghana is not on track for promoting gender equality, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, and combating the different diseases.

Although Ghana is behind on a few of their MDG's, they have made a solid start to getting on a good path to reach their goals. These goals do not happen overnight; they take a lot of time. The 3 goals they are on track for, in the long run, will help get the other goals on track as well. For example, achieving a primary education and educating their youth more fully can help raise awareness about AIDS and other diseases just by the youth having a better knowledge of what causes these diseases and how to prevent them from spreading. Education can help to improve maternal health and child mortality as well, just by having an understanding of what makes people sick and how to stay healthy.

Basic education can be a huge factor of getting the other goals on track. Ghana had to start at one single point in order to move on to claim power over all goals, and they have made a solid starting point and have followed through diligently.

United Nations Development Programme. (2007). Progress by Goal [Data file]. Retrieved from

Currently, I have been gathering relevant information.  I have been searching articles and journals located at ASU Library.  I have also been using Google search engine to gain a solid background of the history of Libya's economics.  I hope that I am currently on the right track in writing this paper.  Here is a semi-brief description of Libya's current economic and poverty levels.

Libya has suffered in developing a stable economy over the past couple of decades.  The economy of Libya fluctuates primarily upon revenues from a petroleum sector.  The oil revenues have huge impact and increased Libya nominal per capita, gross domestic product (GDP), in Africa (World Bank, 2006).  Libya had seen fantastic growth rate, however these lead to an unsustainable face of global oil recession and international sanctions.  Libya needs to find a new tactic in improving the economy by decreasing the rates of unemployment and poverty. 

Libya has the highest human development Index (HDI), which includes a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living, and quality of life for countries worldwide (World Bank, 2006).  Libya also has the fourth highest GDP per capita in Africa (World Bank, 2006).  GDP is the value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year divided by the average population for the same year (World Bank, 2006).  In Libya the GDP is over US$10,000 per capita and Libyans will not suffer from cases of extreme poverty (UNDP, 2012).   Even though Libya has established high levels of HDI and GDP, they have not developed a balance between money distribution and poverty.  The population in Libya below poverty line is 17% (Lahmeyer, 2004).  The unemployment levels in Libya are currently 30% and over 55% of the population is under the age of 20 (Lahmeyer, 2004).  These poor individuals are in desperate need for change.  These people are living in unhealthy and unsustainable environments that are hindering the development of this country.  There are some organizations that are trying to identify these issues and finding alternatives to improve Libya's economy. 

African Union is a current organization in helping to prevent poverty and protect human rights in Libya.  African Union allows majority of African countries to work diplomatically with one another despite differences in geography, history, race, language, and religion to try to improve Libyan's health, education, peace, democracy, human rights, and economic success (Richard, 2011). This organization goal is to allow everyone the ability and access of healthy food, safe water, and adequate housing to the poor (Richard, 2011). The African Union believes that financial practices like free trade, customs unions, and central banks are planned to help decrease poverty and unemployment levels.  The African Union grants sanctions on disobedient states and withhold economic and social benefits (Richard, 2011). 

Organization is not the only factor that Libya needs in establishing a successful economy.  Libya is also in desperate need for leadership training.  Muammar Gaddafi recognized that natural resources are very important to Libya, which he utilized to help develop the country (Azad, 2011).  Gaddafi established a Jamahiriya "direct democracy" state in Libya, which allowed the literacy rates to rise from 10% to 90%, life expectancy rose from 55 to 77 years, equal rights were established for women and black people (Azad, 2011).  Gaddafi also established employment opportunities for migrant workers and improved the welfare system by providing access to free education, free healthcare, and financial assistance for housing (Azad, 2011). Gaddafi acknowledged that these social changes might cause chaos before it brought about prosperity, but claimed that individuals should not be afraid to experiment with a new form of government and that this plan is to offer a better future for Libya's children (Azad, 2011).

In Libya, MDG 1 is likely to be achieved within the 2015 timeframe (UNDP, 2012).  There are three targets that must be accomplished and developed if MDG 1 is achieved within 2015.  First, Libya must reduce half of the proportions of people living on less than a dollar a day (UNDP, 2012).  Secondly, Libyan's must achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people (UNDP, 2012).  Third, Libya must reduce half of the proportions of people who suffer from hunger (UNDP, 2012).  If these targets are taken into consideration and action, then MDG 1 will be achieved within 2015.


Azad, S. (2011). Gaddafi and the Media.  Daily News.

Lahmeyer, J. (2004). Libya: general data.

Richard, K. (2011). African Union. Organization of 54 African Countries Forms African Union.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2012). Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger in Libya.

 World Bank (2006), Libya: Economic Report, Social & Economic Development Group.



Introduce the topic of Cameroon and issues regarding poverty-related topics as well as the effects these problems have on the country. Explain why there is little assistance in developing solutions for these issues as well as predictions of future solutions.




Explain basic information about Cameroon, and its' current problems the country struggles with. Elaborate on the issue of poverty in Cameroon and how it is effectively destroying the potential this country has.


Poverty/ Impact:


Describe Cameroon as a whole, emphasizing on poverty, home life, work life, and problems within the economy. Also, bring up the issue of the government and how they are failing to contribute to these issues. Involve details about the problems Cameroon is facing and citizens are dealing with them. Explain mental health conditions people are enduring and statistics revealing these outcomes.




How can we solve these issues? How can Cameroon begin to feel effects of proactive leadership and government? How can regions help other regions? How can other countries contribute? How can Cameroons own government contribute?




What is the overall consensus? What are other countries doing to help Cameroon? What is their government working towards? Who is helping them and how can more contribute? Why is this so important?

The country that I will be writing about is Uganda. This paper is going to describe the poverty in Uganda and its title will be "Uganda: Will it reach its Millennium Development Goals?" I will be using the lectures, readings and resources provided through Blackboard throughout the semester as well as supplemental websites through Google Scholar, the ASU Fletcher Library and education documentaries.

 The content of my paper will revolve around the specific Millennium Development Goals:  end poverty and hunger, universal education, gender equality, child health, maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, environmental sustainability and global partnership. These goals are all interrelated and the success and failure of one influences the success or failure of another.

 The conclusions to this paper are that Uganda will not meet the 2015 Millennium Goals but will be closer in accomplishing those goals, have made a greater strides with failing the goals in place than without having the goals in place, and I will provide areas where other ideas can be implemented for the success of the country. 


 United States Department of State. (2007). Uganda. Retrieved March 23, 2012, from Country reports on human rights practices for 2007:

American Psychological Association. (2012). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered. Retrieved March 29, 12, from American Psychological Association:

Behind the Mask. (2005, October 12). Uganda's Targeting of Gays and Ban on Same-Sex Marriage Condemned. Retrieved March 28, 2012, from Behind the Mask:

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. (2007, March 6). Uganda. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from U.S. Department of State:

Clark, M. K. (2012, March 9). Uganda: Stop the Anti-Gay Bill. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from All Africa:

Fournier, B., Mill, J., Kipp, W., & Walusimbi, M. (2007). Discovering voice: A participatory action research study with nurses in Uganda. International Journal of Qualitative Methods , 6 (2), 1-14.

Global Report . (2008). Child Soldiers Global Report 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from Uganda:

Human Rights Watch. (2012). Uganda. Retrieved from

International Solidarity Foundation. (2011). Domestic Violence Prevention. Retrieved February 29, 2012, from Uganda Media Women's Association and Mama FM:

Karyhura, K. (2010). Uganda police annual crima and traffic reoirt 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2012, from

Nelson, G., & Prilleltensky, I. (2010). Community psychology: In pursuit of liberation and well being (Vol. New York). (2010, Ed.) New York, Nelson, Geoffrey; Prilleltensky, Isaac: Community psychology: In pursuit of liberation and well being.

Nessell, J. (2012, March 14). Ugandan LGBT Activists File Case Against Anti-Gay U.S. Evangelical in Federal Court. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from Center for Constitutional Rights:

Odongo, G. (2011, November 1). Uganda: Government- backed harrassment and repression of critics increasing. Retrieved February 25, 2012, from Amnesty International:

Okurut, F., Odwee, J., & Adebua, A. (2002). Determinants of regional poverty in Uganda. Nairobi: African Economic Research Consortium.

Speizer, I. (2009). Intimate partner violence attitudes and experience among women and men in Uganda. Journal of Interpersonal Violence , 25 (7), 1224-1241.

The World Bank. (2011, May). Data and Statistics. Retrieved February 19, 2012, from The World Bank:,,menuPK:374963~pagePK:141132~piPK:141109~theSitePK:374864,00.html

Uganda. (2010). Retrieved February 28, 2012, from Make Every Woman Count: Promoting the Empowerment of Women and Girls in Africa:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics. (2007). Uganda demographic and health survey. Retrieved March 23, 2012, from

UGANDA: When Women Are Seen As Objects, No Girl Can Be Safe In This Society. (2012, February 15). Retrieved March 29, 2012, from Peace Women:


Poverty in Namibia and its Impact on the Realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals

By: Erica Sandoval


  1.  Introduction 

The country for my topic is Namibia. I am collecting my information from many websites (some of which are listed below in references), books, and class material.

2. General characteristics of Namibia.

Namibia is a country along the Atlantic Ocean in southern Africa. It was governed by South Africa until it obtained its full independence in 1990. This country is very densely populated with a population of 2,165,828.

3. Poverty in Namibia.

Poverty in Namibia is largely widespread, according to the CIA World Fact book, 55.8 percent live below the poverty line. Many surviving off of one or two dollars a day.

 4. Impact of Poverty on Realization of  other MDG's in Namibia

Many countries, such as Namibia, continue to live in poverty and injustice. According to UNDP, Namibia is a middle-income country with of the most unequal income distributions in the world. Along the things Namibia doesn't have, it does have one thing, poverty. In a country of 2.1 million, one out of four households live in poverty. The country's total income is unequally distributed leading to a high percentage of poverty. These inequalities along with economic growth and poverty are key changes that are need to improve the quality of life of the individuals in Namibia.

5. Role of community organizations in reducing poverty in Namibia

Influence can have the power to hold communities together or potentially cause damage. Community members commonly share concerns and therefore are motivated to influence one another to make a change. Community organizations such as the UNDP training help teach life skills in order to help reduce poverty in Namibia.

 6. Need for leadership training in Namibia.

Leadership training is important in Namibia in order to help contribute to the realization of MDGs. It is important to educate community members about resources that can help eradicate poverty.

7. How community psychologists can contribute to realization of MDGs in Namibia.

Developing resilience and empowerment of communities can help eradicate poverty not only in Namibia and contribute to realization of MDGs in Namibia.

References: (UNDP Training Reduces Poverty in Namibia)

I am writing my paper regarding the issue of poverty in Mali and the impact it is having in achieving millennium development goals. I start off the paper describing brief characteristics. This includes a history of the country since its independence in 1960. I discuss the governmental structure and instability as well. I will also focus on other relevant topics such as the economy, climate, and various ethnic groups. I focus especially on the economy and climate, as they are extremely relevant to poverty. I do not go in depth in this section, however I mention the chief sources of income and main exports. Relating to climate are the overall weather patterns as well as the recent environment disasters in the area.  Next I will discuss the issue of poverty. I focus on problems in the rural community because this is where most of Mali's population resides. I discuss the various causes of poverty such as the desert climate, food shortages, political instability, and lack of modern agricultural techniques. Political instability is extremely important at this current time, due to the blockades other countries are imposing on exports to Mali, as well as the impact that reduced aid is having to the area. I also discuss the effects that western farming subsidies are having on exasperating poverty in the area. I use the example of cotton, which is one of Mali's biggest imports. Next, I discuss the impact poverty is having on the realization of other MDG's. I mention each MDG, the current state if it, and how poverty is having an impact on it. I then move on to the role community organizations can play in reducing poverty. I first describe how these organizations can be helpful, then discuss current operating organizations, and finally move on to the need for more. The next topic is the need for leadership training. This section covers different areas such as education, healthcare, and agriculture. I mention current leadership training program, and then use the data I have looked at to form some of my own implementation strategies. The last section is the contribution community psychologists can have in Mali. Several different concepts are mentioned in this section including action research and depowerment. Sources used in this essay include, but are not limited to, the textbook, class videos, international organization websites, and journalist reports.

I am writing about the country of Zambia. The title of my paper is Zambia: the Impacts of Poverty. For the first portion of the paper I will be discussing the current state of the country of Zambia. Things like the population demographics, industries, etc will be described so that the reader will get a decent understanding of the current state of the country. In the next paragraphs I will begin talking about the current state of poverty in the country. I will focus on how it is currently affecting the country's economy as well as is people. Then the rest of the UN development goals will be discussed. The country has all the same goals due to the fact that most the country suffers from extreme poverty and that has a cascade of negative effects.  Next the role of community organizations will be discussed. I will talk about how these organizations can greatly improve the state within the country. I will also talk about how community psychologists studying the people can also help these organizations develop plans to improve the quality of life there designed specifically for the countries individual needs. Community psychologists could greatly aid in areas such as domestic violence with the communities by helping create support groups and such for the victims. They could also help develop ways to aid the refugees that flee to Zambia every day.

The references I will be using are accredited resources from online. They are a mixture of scholarly papers and studies. There are also websites of organizations  that are currently working on improving the quality of life within Zambia. 

My paper will be titled Conditions in Mauritius: UN Millenium Developmental Goals in Action and will cover various aspects of this island country in relation to the UN's target goals, most particularly poverty and how that impacts the social and physical environment, as well as community responses and attitudes to these issues.   Difficulties which result directly from the effects of poverty will also be addressed as well as the cultural dynamic within this community and how these issues are regarded both within the community as well as outside of it.  

I've gathered relevant information from various websites and books, published journal articles, as well as utilizing blogs and websites of some community groups who are currently working towards positive community work in Mauritius.  I will discuss some of the unique challenges Mauritius faces as well as some of the positive programs already in place within the community and cultural structures of this society.  This information will be held up beside the UN MDG's to see how closely aligned Mauritius is towards the realization of these goals as well as what still remains to be done, after which thoughts for improvement towards these goals will be discussed. 

Specific community concerns which are not being currently addressed will also be highlighted with thoughts on how community groups can meet the needs of the community both now as well as in the future.  This will include the roles and efforts which future community psychologists can offer into this particular country to continue to work towards reaching the MDG's.   Conclusion will include my thoughts on these issues and my interpretation of the information I have learned, as well as the things I think are noteworthy to mention from a community psychological standpoint.


The poverty level in Bostwana is far from tolerable. Over 50% of the population resides below the poverty line. Political corruption hardly helps to resolve the issue. In addition, the local unemployment rate is almost 16%. In spite of this fact though, there is a very good momentum in the efforts to reduce poverty and bring in income for the nation. As it stands, the country exports much more than it imports, which is already a good prospect that indicates potential growth. And while this country is leading in poverty reduction, it will still be very unlikely that it will reach the standard set forth by the Millennium Development Goals that were put in place to help countries come to a level and standard of living to thrive. Regardless, the persistent efforts made by the locals and from outside resources contribute much towards the forward moment that is currently in place.

A large amount of effort seems to be spent in trying to improve tourism to the country as a great source of income, which will also simultaneously expose the status and conditions of the country to those who can help make a difference in its growth. A major effort from abroad in the South Africa region was the recent launch of an intra-country "Transfrontier Park" which is a large some of land spreads across five countries total, which includes Botswana. This level of national cooperation to address poverty and bring in tourism in these three countries shows the promise to reach millennium development goals and the very innovative planning and investment strategies that can help drive poverty down and bring forth the country's potential. In respect to their standing in Africa as a leader in poverty reduction, they have shown, are showing, and will show great improvement, although it may not be at the pace of the MDGs that were put in place over a decade ago.

Poverty in Nigeria and its impact on the realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals

By: Lauren Yacullo


The country for my final paper is Nigeria.  Throughout the semester I have been collecting information on poverty in Nigeria from the World Bank and other websites, as well as class material and articles from the Arizona State University research database.

General characteristics of Nigeria

The country of Nigeria which is officially the "Federal Republic of Nigeria" is comprised of thirty-six states. The capital of Nigeria is Abuja and is located in West Africa.  It borders Benin, Chad, Cameroon, and Niger.  The population of Nigeria is 154.7 million.

Poverty in Nigeria

Although Nigeria has a well developed economy and natural resources such as oil, poverty is still a significant problem. They have a high level of poverty and many people living off of a dollar a day.  According to The World Bank, the poverty ratio is 34.1%.

Impact of Poverty on Realization of other MDG's in Nigeria

Nigeria just like many other countries has many challenges to overcome.  Poverty, corruption, violence and AIDS are just a few that have been affecting the country.  Previously stated, Nigeria has natural resources that bring in a ton of money, yet its human development indicators are among the worlds lowest and many suffer from extreme poverty.  Religious violence has also caused turmoil and many to be killed.  Another problem found in Nigeria is youth unemployment.  Nigerians hope that youth acquiring jobs and skills will create an effect that will give more and more people jobs.  


Role of community organizations in reducing poverty in Nigeria

The roles of community organizations are influential when it comes to reducing poverty.  One solution that Nigerians have for reducing poverty and creating more jobs for others is through increasing youth employment.  The UNDP believe that if youth in Nigeria acquire skills, jobs, housing and a place in society they will be able to create jobs for other youth which will develop a "multiplier effect".  Essentially, Nigerians are relying on the youth to help reduce poverty and hope to gain this through community support and education.  Another program offered for children is the community- based support project for orphans and vulnerable children (CUBS).  Programs that focus on gender equality will also help.

Need for leadership training in Nigeria

Leadership training is important in Nigeria in order to educate the youth and adults in the community. Since there is a lot of corruption in the government and clashes between religious groups, leadership training needs to start first in the community and then work its way up. Hopefully one day what starts in each community will come together for a greater change. The small changes could help contribute to the UN Millennium Development goals in hopes to eradicate poverty.

How community psychologists can contribute to realization of MDGs in Nigeria

  • Create programs that offer job/trade skills for both youth and adults
  • Create prevention of HIV/AIDS
  • Educate about gender equality in order to diminish domestic violence and poverty issues (empowerment)


Due to the multiple challenges that Nigeria faces, I do not believe that the UN Millennium Development goals will be met by 2015.  With how much work needs to be done, I hope that instead of trying to cram all the changes in by 2015, programs and leadership training will teach the Nigerians lifelong skills in order to one day be able to make these great changes we hoped to see.





"How Poverty in Kenya is Affecting Reaching Their Millennium Development Goals"

The task at hand is to write a final paper consisting of the social interactions and senses of community that my target country of Kenya consists of. According to our text, sense of community refers to: togetherness, belongingness, sharing of resources, and overall group cohesiveness. Over the semester I have done much research on Kenya in many different aspects. I have learned and researched a lot of information regarding the health of Kenyans, types of crime and crime rates, the numbers of homeless people, homeless youth, domestic violence, and the overall state of the economy.

During the semester I have kept track of the different web sites I have gathered my information about Kenya from. This information includes many different statistics and facts about aspects of Kenya. There is also a great collection of scholarly articles written by different authors on Kenya with topics concerning the economy, domestic violence, and the number of people living below the poverty level. Not only can you get information on Kenya from different websites or scholarly journals, there are also many different you tube videos that have in depth information concerning Kenyans way of life, and how their communities differ from the United States. I intend to use all of these sources together to complete my semester project.

After reading many things about Kenya's economic state, I have come to the conclusion that Kenya is still developing, and will be for quite some time. I think that it will be extremely hard for Kenyans to reach any of the millennium goals by 2015. Kenya is in a state of extreme poverty, with more than half of its people living below the poverty level. This is due to many things, but one of the biggest contributors is the education level of most Kenyans. Kenya is currently having a large problem concerning drugs and alcohol, which brings about more crime and people who do not obey the laws or government officials. Many of the scholarly articles state that although Kenya is slowly showing progression in some areas, they are falling behind in others. 

The title of my paper will be Poverty in Algeria and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals.  In order to collect information about my country I have had to utilize not only the library database through ASU but I have had to locate many different articles throughout the web as well as the UN websites concerning the MDGs as well as the CIA world fact book for demographic information about Algeria.  Algeria is a country in North Africa and it is predominantly a Muslim country.  Algeria has a typical patriarchal foundation and I have found that women's rights in Algeria are especially disturbing.  The strict Muslim rules combined with the patriarchal attitude make it very difficult for the women to obtain the same equal rights as men and women are often subjected to many forms of abuse especially physical and sexual abuse.  The government in Algeria is extremely corrupt and there has been an active terrorist faction throughout the country responsible for many kidnappings and murders especially of reporters because the country has had a capital on the broadcasting and journalism and a ban was lifted but it is still not completely adhered to.  Although Algeria had already met the goal of eradicating extreme poverty, it has not met the goal for full and productive employment for all especially the women and young people in its country.  The unemployment rate is very high among the young adults in Algeria and there are often protests for this reason.  Algeria is not on track to meet goal 3 which is promote gender equality and empower women.  Children in primary level school are still unequal and most countries in Northern Africa have lagged behind in this area.  Domestic Violence is a serious issue in Algeria and women are not valued in most of this country especially the rural areas.  Women are often attacked, both physically and sexually and no one is arrested for these attacks.  This type of injustice is a common occurrence in Algeria.  Women are definitely held to a standard that they are there to serve the man and there is much needed activism for the women in this country in order to foster a change in the patriarchal attitude in order to bridge the gap between the rights that men and women have in Algeria.  The government in Algeria often stifles its population and the freedom of expression does not exist appropriately in this country.  Although Algeria is on target for many of the Millennium Development Goals there are some that they are lagging behind in.  Regardless of whether or not they meet these goals does not eradicate the serious gender inequality throughout this country.  Community psychologists need to find a way to teach this society that women are just as equal and important as men and they need to find ways to empower the women in Algeria to stand up against the domestic violence issues as well as the unequal opportunity problems that are prevalent everywhere.  The government needs to be willing to work with the community activists in order to create sustainable employment for all of its citizens, especially young adults between 18 and 25.  The young adults are the future of their country and without jobs, a future consequence of continued poverty is certain. 

The country that my paper will be on is Mauritania.

Title: Poverty in Mauritania: The Impact on Realization of UN Millennium Development Goals.

Throughout the course we have been required to do little amounts of research on our country prepping us for this paper.  I plan on using the amounts of information as a basis on how to write my paper as well as what the main focus on the paper should be.  While studying my country, Mauritania, in depth, I have learned about the political issues in Mauritania and the corrupt government form that is ran.  While many actions have taken place towards bettering the country, many officials refuse to conform and continue on with negative impacts toward the economy and public in Mauritania.

General Characteristics: Population (2010), 3.5 million. Income Level, lower middle income.  Life Expectancy, 57.  Poverty Ratio, 46.3%

MDG1: While MDG1 aims to eradicate extreme hunger and end poverty.  While overall it is on track towards guiding people to live on $1 per day.  I plan on explaining how my country is doing this and if they are on track towards the 2015 goal deadlines.

Impact on Poverty in Realizations of other MDGs: Many MDGs include bettering health and health care, with the level of poverty that my country is at, it is difficult to obtain some of these goals.  While acts towards preventing HIV/AIDS are in place, other areas including maternal health and child mortality are still at risk.  Like many other third world countries, children are put to work at a young age.  Due to extreme poverty in my country children are forced into the labor field.

Other Areas needing more Research:

Role of Community Organizations, Need for Leadership Training, and how Community Psychologists can contribute to Realization of MDGs.


Liberia: The end of poverty through education


My target county is Liberia. I had always heard of this county but I never knew the immense amount of hardship that occurred throughout the years. Liberia is one of the oldest countries in Africa, but is known most for its first 14-year civil war. Hundreds of thousands of lives were lost which has lead to the current state of Poverty.  The biggest effort being made currently is to improve education by starting with the youth.

General characteristic of Liberia.

 Overall Liberia is a country that is very rich in natural resources such as coal, oil and diamonds. Efforts are being made to process their resources and find more opportunities to export these goods.

 Poverty in Liberia

Around 80% of the population lives below the poverty line with the majority of the population living on $1 per day. Efforts are being made to increase employment by converting raw resources into exports.

Impact of poverty on realization of other MDGs in Liberia

The percentage of poverty in Liberia strongly affects a number of other MDGs namely Education and Gender Equality. Woman and Children are given little to no respect. Frequently, children never attend a school. Women have no basic rights and a frequently expected to sell their bodies.

 Need for leadership training in Liberia

There is large need for leadership training within the population. Government officials have the best interest of their country in mind, but it falls on the shoulders of the community to enforce these improvements.

 General reflections.

 Overall, I feel that this country is struggling everyday to gain its identity back after experiencing two civil wars. It is clear that attempts are being made daily to improve Liberia. Efforts to increase exports increase universal education and improve gender equality.  I expect that I will continue to find more information based on gender inequality and the education of the youth of the country. Around 45% of the population are 35 and younger, therefore the job market needs to increase in order to change the face of poverty in Liberia.


I had the amazing opportunity to attend a Symposium lead by the Vice President and council members of Liberia. I have been able to use a lot of information on various subjects taken from my notes from this event. I have also been able to find a great deal of information searching through scholarly journals.  

For the essay that I am writing, it will be titled, "Poverty in Eritrea" and it will detail how the country came into poverty, what the UN is doing to try and help them and how the MDGs relate to them and if any or all of those goals have been met. Eritrea is a country that has been labeled "the worst developing country" by different magazines. If more than magazine is reporting this, there has to be some truth to it. We started this class off by learning about the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and what exactly was expected of them. These goals were set to try and improve those third-world countries that are need of help and development. These goals were set to be accomplished by the year 2015 and unfortunately it does not look like all of the goals are going to be met. After learning about these goals, there were assignments given to us that gave us the chance to dig into our countries that are in need. From doing all of these assignments, it was able to give us the information needed on how our country is doing and what is needed to be done in order to help develop the country given to us. These assignments were able to give me information on Eritrea and and what exactly to look for. These assignments were able to tell me that Eritrea is on the verge of becoming one of the fastest growing countries due to the workshops that are now being provided so that they have people that are educated not only with bargaining, but also with growing crops so that they can sustain a healthy economy which is something that are greatly lacking and in definite need of. The content that was collected contain the information needed that will address the problems that Eritrea is facing, how it is affecting them now, what could be done to help, what is actually being done to help them, and also what future help may be on the way to them as well. I have found articles about workshops being done in the country, fundraisers, education programs, HIV/AIDS prevention classes, etc that are all part of the process of helping the country of Eritrea grow to be a better country as well. The conclusions that I am expecting are that while help may be provided, it is still not enough to help out because it may seem that theses problems may have been unattended for too long and that it may take longer than expected to get the country of Eritrea to a desired place. Of course with having these expectations, it comes to mind that there are plenty of other countries out there that are in need of help as well and that not everyone will get the help that they need at a desired time.

Our class was assigned to write a paper on poverty and the impact on realization of the UN millennium developmental goals in a certain country. The country I was assigned to give an economic report on was Cape Verde, Africa.  The title of my paper is "Poverty and the Impact of the MDG's in Cape Verde Africa".  

My paper will include a description of Cape Verde, information regarding where I found my information. It will also explain the characteristics of Cape Verde like culture, laws, income, natural and or manmade resources available.

 It will also compare the 8 Millennium Goals and the status and or involvement Cape Verde plays in it. I will also be discussing what the community is doing to illuminate poverty. We are also asked to discuss if there is any leadership involved in Cape Verde or if leadership needs to be established. 

Briefly talk about what community psychologist can do to help reach the goals in Cape Verde and or make the country aware of these goals if they didn't already know about them. Lastly reflect on information that I think needs improvement or more involvement in Cape Verde Africa. Sum up all the efforts, improvements and things that have not yet been addressed.

 I plan on finding my resources through the ASU library, United Nations, World News, and the UN Developmental goal website.  The conclusion I hope to find is Cape Verde actively trying to improve and work towards accomplishing those 8 Millennium Developmental Goals. I don't except to find them completed and or reached but I do hope to find that since the time the goals were established that the numbers have only gotten better.

The title of my paper is "Poverty in Gambia and its impact on realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals". The objective of my paper will be to discuss and explain how current poverty trends in Gambia affect not only MDG number one (eradicating poverty and hunger) but many, if not all, other MDGs as well. In addition, I will address current efforts, organizations and needs of Gambia for their situation to move closer to the realization of the MDGs. I have found relevant information on these topics via the ASU online library, our textbook, and many websites provided as resources in class, as well as from my previous forum posts and research.

Gambia has a population of 1.7 million people with an average life expectancy of 58 years. Gambia has no confirmed mineral or natural resources and 75% of the population depends on agriculture. They rely on peanuts, fish, and European tourism. Gambia is primarily a Muslim nation and suffers many issues aside from poverty including lack of resiliency in wake of natural disasters, lack of resources, and human rights violations, especially against the LGBT community.

According to the UN's MDG Monitor, nearly 60% of the population in Gambia is living on less than $1 a day. This is a nation with little to no opportunities to improve their quality of life because their only sources of employment are agricultural or tourism based.

The extremity of the poverty in Gambia sets back the realization of all MDGs, not just eradicating poverty. Poverty severely limits the ability to achieve both health and education related goals, which further inhibits equality, sustainability and partnership related goals. I believe that all the MDGs are related to one another, therefore the current poverty trends will affect the realization of all goals.

            Government officials in Gambia have acknowledged that in order to achieve the MDGs, especially the eradication of poverty, there needs to be growth and progress in administrative, financial and planning programs.  The government in Gambia has committed to implementing the MDGs into the framework and future planning for the country. In 2006 they included MDGs in their unified framework and developed the National Planning Commission to implement and track MDG progress.

            I believe that community psychologists could have a profound and lasting effect on progress in Gambia, based on the fact that the government has already put effort into creating programs in order to further their progress toward the realization of the MDGs.

At the beginning of this semester, and upon learning of my assigned country for this assignment, I was a bit nervous and hesitant to get excited about this assignment as a whole. I had no idea what the Seychelles Islands were, and I had no idea where they were. To be honest, this was the first time I'd ever seen the name. But as I did research, I learned a lot about this small chain of Islands off the coast of Africa, and there was a myriad of information and research available. A lot of the information I gathered throughout the semester was from a bunch of websites that had development in African nations as the theme. I also got a lot of data and information from United Nations websites, and human development type websites. The way the weekly plans were organized helped me get my information in a scheduled and topical matter rather than just looking up whatever I could find concerning my country. I have eight good sources with plenty of data that not only compares The Seychelles Islands to other countries around the world, but also compares data internally with old sets of data from the country. This will really aid me as I aim to show people how the Seychelles has improved over the years, and in such an impressive accelerated manner.

            Basically my paper will do two things. One it will serve as a medium to display how The Seychelles Islands has faired over the past 12-15 years relative to other countries in the region. It will also serve as evidence to the countries in the regions that great strides are being made to improve equality and overall quality of life. From the information I've gathered this semester, I should have a pretty easy time demonstrating that The Seychelles Islands are on their way to becoming a great country of their region.

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Posted By:
Marek Wosinski
March 4, 2012

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