The roots of community psychology can be traced to the post world war II era. It is in that era that tremendous progress started taking place in the field. Many who came back from the war were having severe mental health issues which are why there was a need for a discipline which could answer the need for community members back then. Community psychology is a trans-formative field because it is one which is consistently changing to adapt to evolving issues people face in communities.
Like it was described in the reading, community psychology has gone through a transformative journey over the past 200 years. The field is particularly innovative compared to the historical context but one that has been deemed important to understand the social behavior of the individual. As it was said in the readings, it is extremely difficult to understand an individual behavior without taking into account the context I n which all his actions have evolves from. For example judging an individual without taking into account his background, how he was raised, where he was raised, specific traumas he endured and other environmental characteristic would be similar to thinking you have understood the whole story of a book just by reading a page in the middle of it.
The roots of community psychology can be traced to the post world war II era. It is in that era that tremendous progress started taking place in the field. Many who came back from the war were having severe mental health issues which are why there was a need for a discipline which could answer the need for community members back then. Community psychology is a transformative field because it is one which is consistently changing to adapt to evolving issues people face in communities.
Community psychology is different from what it was 50 years ago, distinct from what it became 20 years ago, different today and will be distinct in the coming years. At the same time, it is a critical field needed in communities. Community psychology was initially shaped by the difficulties brought forth by the mental health issues across the globe. From the United States to Europe, in South Africa the origin all have roots in the mental health arena. "Nevertheless, there are some themes that have been consistent over time in the short history of community psychology".
I believe that many of the paradigms, scientific methods, and practices used in various institutions and civil society can be categorized as community psychology. According to one of the characteristics of community psychology in the readings, community psychology has a profound emphasis on the importance of prevention and early intervention in matters that have the potential of eliminating some harm. Community psychologist Murray and Levine site that the rise of social problems such as immigration issues, industrialization, poverty and other social problems was at the root of the movements that were developing the community. .
I would define community psychology as the common knowledge, view practices, scientific knowledge that can help understand the behavior of individual, groups, institution and complex system in relation to their environment and context of living ( which includes cultural traditions, geographical context, historical realities).
A healthy community has to be complete and taking action to reduce the level of imbalance in the community. Members of the community have to be all active and involve in the betterment of their community. Principles such as social inclusion are extremely influential making a community healthy and successful. It is also very important for the community to have several strong societal institution to respond to community needs. These institutions have to be consistently evolving and adapt to issues faced by community members. When the community lacks these essential social institutions and services who serve all the community members equally without discrimination and racism, these create social ills which are at the roots of many problems in the community. Across borders the issues that are faced are also very similar, they might differ from society being individualistic and depending on the culture but most social ills are identical ….